Pemba Channel Conservation Area (PECCA) (which derive its name from Pemba Channel) lies between the latitudes 04º 54’S and 05º 26’S, and is bisected by the longitude 30º 45’E. The area is located on the western seaboard of the Pemba Island straddling the entire coast line from the southern tip to the northern one. PECCA was declared a Conservation Area on September 23rd 2005, through the declaration order under the Fisheries Act of 1988. It stretches from the south of Pemba Island at the southern tip of Ngazi Islet with a two-mile width band stretching along the rest of the western coast of Pemba Island to its northern tip at Ras Kigomasha covering an area of 42 nautical miles. On the western side of PECCA is a deep Pemba channel which drops sharply to a depth below 1000m separating Pemba Island from the mainland Tanzania.